The science of skin care

The science of skin care

Research in to skincare helping us to fight against the signs of ageing and to keep a glowing skin. Behind every beauty product lies years of scientific research and challenges. This section of Beautiful Skin explains more about the expertise required by the cosmetic industry, the technology used, advances made and the role played by innovation. A scientific overview.

Why probiotics in skincare are the new acid peels – without the irritation
The Rise of the New No-Acid Acids
Probiotics are crossing over into our skincare, and can exfoliate and hydrate as well as acids – but without the skin irritation.
Anti ageing foods: the benefits of polyphenols for skin
The skin-loving benefits of polyphenols
Yes, veggies are good for us! But their goodness goes beyond vitamins and fibre. Their magic ingredient? Polyphenols!
What is a hypoallergenic cream?
'Hypoallergenic', a magic word for sensitive skin
Facial skin is much thinner and more sensitive than the rest of the body. And if we're allergy-prone things can get tough. So, thank heaven's for hypoallergenic products! Here's why...
Get perfect skin with probiotics
Probiotics for skin - welcome to the world of friendly bacteria!
We're used to hearing about probiotics in our food. But what about the relationship between probiotics and our skin? Here's the lowdown...
Global anti aging explained
What is global anti aging?
We take a look at the specificities of global anti aging skin care, often confused with its sister, anti wrinkle care, and how important it is at all ages. Here's why.
A closer look at anti ageing microdermabrasion techniques
The ins and outs of microdermabrasion
Noticed age spots, scars, dull skin and open pores? Here's a closer look at microdermabrasion, an exfoliating, blemish-busting technique.
How to know your skin type's pH level
How to find out your skin type's pH level
Our skin has its own, individual pH level. Knowing our skin's pH value is useful when it comes to choosing the right beauty-boosting treatments. What is skin's pH level and how can we use it to refine our beauty routine? Just follow our simple guide!
Keratosis pilaris: how to deal with bumpy skin
What on Earth is keratosis pilaris?
Ever had pimply, bumpy skin on the back of your arms? Welcome to keratosis pilaris, a rather complicated name for a completely harmless affliction! Here's the lowdown...
Chronobiology for better beauty routines
Skincare and chronobiology, what's the deal?
Chronobiology - the study of our biological rhythms - has taken the world of cosmetics by storm, allowing us to benefit from increasingly efficient skincare routines. So how does it work?
Inflammaging: chronic inflammation that speeds up skin ageing
Inflammaging, a new baddie on the block
We all know about sagging skin and wrinkled faces, but now a new threat has raised its ugly head. It's called inflammaging - an unavoidable condition that causes our skin to age.
Ellagic acid to combat damage caused by pollution and smoking
Ellagic acid, a potent antioxidant beauty booster
Smoggy skies, micro-particles, exhaust fumes, central heating, cigarette smoke... And doesn't our skin know it! Here's a closer look at ellagic acid, a marvellous skin-friendly first-aider.
The benefits of probiotics, true vs false
What are Probiotics: True vs False
Probiotics are big news... But before you line them up, here are the facts about these gut-friendly beasts.
Pampering treatments to soothe dry skin
Pampering treatments to soothe dry and dehydrated skin
Winter's bad enough without the misery of red, tight, itchy, dry skin. Sadly, that's how our skin reacts to the cold! Time to take things in hand and pamper our parched bodies and faces.
Do preservative free face creams exist?
Can we go down a preservative free route?
Cosmetic ingredients are a hot topic... Today's debate? To preserve or to not preserve. Here's the lowdown on the use of preservatives in our beauty treatments.
What does the future for hold for nutricosmetics?
What does the future hold for nutricosmetics?
Glowing skin comes from what we eat and drink, as well as the products we apply. Which is where nutricosmetics comes in to play. So should we believe the hype?
The role of our epidermis
The epidermis, our protective sheaf
The epidermis is the outermost layer of skin and shields us from the elements. It consists of three types of cells: keratinocytes, melanocytes and Langerhans cells, which all play an important role when it comes to protecting our skin
The importance of checking moles
Checking moles: the ABCDE rules
National Skin Care Awareness Month is held every September... Here's our advice on why it's essential to keep an eye on your moles and how you can do so at home.
Probiotics for perfect skin
Probiotics for perfect skin?
We all know that the gut-friendly probiotics in yoghurt and milk help our digestive system. What you may not know is how they can improve our skin!
BB, CC or DD creams - choose the right one for glowing skin
BB, CC et DD creams: it's a minefield out there!
Since BB creams burst onto the scene, cosmetic brands have been quick to work their way through the alphabet! CC, DD and even EE creams... But what on Earth do they mean? Here's the lowdown on this latest generation of beauty must-haves!
Each skin type needs a specific moisturiser
Each skin type needs a specific moisturiser
We all the know the golden rule: beautiful skin = moisturised skin. So it's essential we choose moisturisers with ingredients that match our skin's needs. Here's why...
Aromatherapy: the A-Z
Aromatherapy: the A-Z
Insomnia, hay fever, anxiety, skin problems... Aromatherapy boasts a wealth of beneficial effects on our health and beauty-related issues. Here's a closer look at this super hero complementary medicine!
Calculate your skin's real age
What's the real age of your skin?
Do you look younger than your age or feel ravaged by time? Our skin's appearance may not be consistent with our actual age. Can we really figure out our skin's age?
Anti-ageing supplements for the skin - worth a try?
Anti-ageing supplements: worth their weight in gold?
Antioxidant, enzyme or hormone-packed anti-ageing supplements: easy to find and widely available. Their miraculous promises make them hard to resist. So what's the truth behind the marketing?
The A-Z of health-promoting vitamins
A golden summer rule: stack your plate with healthy vitamins!
Different season, different needs. During winter, we need to give our immune systems a boost, whilst in summer we must combat the harmful effects of UV rays.
A-Z of the oxidizing power of flavonoids
What are flavonoids?
They're referred to as the 'new antioxidants', but they've been around since the dawn of time... Flavonoids are plant pigments that contain a multitude of benefits. Here's a look at their superhero powers!
How do I heal scars and wounds on my skin?
How does my skin heal itself?
Our skin is more than just our outer layer. It's our protective sheath and things can awry if it's damaged in any way. And wound or scar healing is a time when our skin goes into full self-defense mode.
How to recognise atopic skin
My skin has a tendancy to be atopic
Tight skin that itches, a tendency to dryness? Atopic skin is a benign condition but is particularly troublesome, which means taking care of your skin in a specific way.
Everything there is to know about phytotherapy
Everything you need to know about phytotherapy
Phytotherapy, as everyone knows, is the use of plants to naturally treat ailments of different parts of the body. The focus is on this ancient practice which today's discoveries in modern medicine are based on.
Structure of the skin: a closer look at the epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue.
A guided tour of our skin
Our skin is an organ in itself. It's composed of several layers: the epidermis, dermis and hypodermis, with each one playing a very different role. Here's the lowdown.
The risks of photosensitivity to sunlight
Things to keep in check when enjoying the summer sun
Sunscreen, sunglasses, hat... We know about the precautions to take when we're exposed to sunlight. Yet there are also other dangers that could spoil your day in the sun. Beware of photosensitivity!
Moles: the A-Z
Moles: the A-Z
If you think of modern age beauties such as Cindy Crawford or Marilyn Monroe, you'll have to agree that their distinctive moles are/were part and parcel of their charm. For others, however, these beauty spots can be a cause for concern. Here's everything you need to know about moles.
What is the microbiome?
The secret world of the microbiome
We may be familiar with the word 'microbiome', but few of us actually know what it means. Time to explore this microcosm that lives, alongside others, on the surface of our skin.
what causes liver spots?
A hundred and one liver spots
Liver spots, a bane of our lives. Hands, neck, face...the little devils pop up all over the place! So what causes liver spots and what are the different types?
Understand sun protection factors to protect your skin
A brief guide to SPFs
The holidays are fast approaching - time to stock up on sunscreens! But which one should you choose to ensure that you protect your skin whilst working on your golden glow?
What causes cellulite
What's causing my cellulite?
Spongy, orange peel skin is caused by a problem with lipids, water and fibrosis. Learn more about cellulite, so you can kiss it goodbye.
Smokers skin : why does smoking make you look older?
Why does smoking age the skin?
Tobacco is bad for your lungs, teeth, throat and also bad for your skin. Smoking accelerates skin aging. Be beautiful or smoke, it's up to you!
Collagen: what causes collagen damage in the skin
Help! Collagen in danger
We hear a lot about collagen when talking about skin aging. While we are always keen to protect it or boost its production, we rarely know what damages it. Let's look at the factors - external and internal - which do the harm.
Raise hyaluronic acid levels to combat wrinkles
Hyaluronic acid levels drop with age
Essential for both the quality of our skin and its bounce, hyaluronic acid is a precious element found in our bodies in a lower quantity as we get older. Time for an explanation.
Exercise: an anti-ageing treatment?
What if exercise was the key to wrinkle-free skin?
Excercise is great for our health, bodies and figures. But according to a recent Canadian study, it can drastically slow down the skin ageing process! Here's the lowdown...
The effects of glycation on skin
The effects of glycation on skin
We often stumble across the term 'oxidative stress' when it comes to ageing skin. But there's another bad guy on the skincare block - a process called 'glycation'. Here's a closer look at this lesser-known, skin-ageing villain.
What is UVA and why is it bad for my skin?
Beware of UVA rays
Every summer, the name crops up again. Yes, we need effective sun protection against UVA skin damage. But what is it exactly? We took a look at these UVA villains that are out to get our skin.
UVA, UVB, understanding sunlight
UVA, UVB, infrared: here's the lowdown on sunlight!
UVA, UVB, UVC, IR…Some abbreviations are familiar, others not. Here, we'll explain why the sun is not your best ally.
How to boost the effectiveness of face creams
Give your face cream an extra boost!
We all love seeing the positive effects of our latest beauty treatment. Here are some tips on how to boost the beneficial effect of face creams.
Glowing skin: genetics or lifestyle
Glowing skin: genetics or lifestyle?
Eye colour, hair, body shape, blood type...many of our characteristics are influenced by genetic factors. But what about our skin? Does genetics play a role? How does our lifestyle weigh up against our genetic heritage?
Anti-aging serum: what is it made of?
The secrets of my anti-aging serum
The anti-aging serum is an essential part of our beauty regime, it is packed with active ingredients and wonderfully effective. What are the secrets of the serum?
Zooming in on anti-cellulite creams
Cosmetology lends a helping hand to the fight against cellulite
Slim and shapely thighs, a flat tummy, smooth hips…This shape that we all dream of is now finally within our reach. Or perhaps we should say within the reach of our favourite firming cream! We are focusing in on these anti-cellulite products which promise us a firmer body for summer.
Choosing the right sunscreen
15, 20, 30, 50, there's an SPF for everyone!
Whether at the beach, in town or up a mountain, we must never forget our favourite summertime friend: sunscreen. Creams, milks, oils, mists... Regardless of the texture, it's the sunscreen's protection factor that counts!
Clay masks: which is the best addition to my skin care routine?
Which clay mask is best for my skin type?
Detox, healing, soothing, cleansing, hydrating, remineralising… We all know the good a clay mask can do to our face. But which is the best addition to your specific skin care routine? We take a look…
Different types of facial fillers and how they affect your skin
Different Types of Facial Fillers and What They Do
'Fillers' are where it all started for the use of hyaluronic acid in the fight against ageing. Here's what you need to know about the different types of injectable fillers used by dermatologists and cosmetic practitioners.
5 things you should know about cosmetic use by dates
Cosmetic shelf life - 5 useful facts
Shelf life, use by date, best before... How long do our cosmetics last before they go off? We all know that we shouldn't keep our cosmetics for years, but the point when they reach their 'use by date' after we've opened them is another matter. Here are 5 facts on how the system works!
Antioxidants to slow down skin ageing
Antioxidants, the Roomba of the free radical world
We've all heard of antioxidants. But what's the deal with their age-defying and free-radical busting powers? And how do they help our skin?
Skin care science: testing your skin care products
Skin care lab: the science behind your skin care products
Skin care products go through many high-tech tests and machines and have their effectiveness carefully measured before touching our skin. We step into the skin care lab, where the testing is carried out.
Genetic testing to combat ageing
'Like mother, like daughter'... But is there any truth behind the saying?
How often have you heard someone say "look to her mother" when discussing a woman's ageing pattern? They may or may not have a point... What's really interesting are the advances in scientific techniques that can map out our ageing process via genetic testing.
IAM, the new way to practice anti ageing medicine
Is IAM for me?
These days we don’t just treat the effects that growing old has on our skin, instead we focus on the process as a whole: this is called Integrative Anti-Age Medicine. A small revolution in our quest to look younger!
Period After Opening on skin care products: what is PAO?
Period After Opening on skin care products: what is PAO?
How long can I keep my anti aging cream, face serum and other beauty products? It all depends on the PAO.
When chemistry rebuilds nature in our skin care products
When chemistry rebuilds nature in our skin care products
When we hear the words chemistry and cosmetics in the same sentence, we think the only link lies in deciphering the labels on our favourite skin care products. No way José! Chemistry is not the enemy: we look at why…
A closer look at microencapsulation in cosmetics
A closer look at microencapsulation in cosmetics
Microencapsulation is a technique that enables cosmetologists to create solutions that distribute active ingredients around the epidermis. We look at the advantages of microencapsulation in cosmetics, its purpose and its uses for the health and beauty of our skin.
4 cosmetic innovations in new skin care
What are the 4 keys to cosmetic innovation?
Scientific contributions are essential to innovation in the cosmetics industry. We take a look at the key scientific factors in the creation of new skin care.